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Major Coffee-Producing Countries

The production of coffee is primarily concentrated in a select group of countries, with their climates and geographical features providing ideal conditions for cultivating coffee plants. The top coffee-producing countries can vary slightly from year to year due to factors such as weather conditions and agricultural practices. However, the following countries have consistently been among the largest coffee producers:

Brazil

(Global Market Share: 35%)

Sao Paulo, Brazil

Brazil has long held the title of the world’s largest coffee producer. Its vast coffee plantations, particularly in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Espírito Santo, contribute significantly to global coffee production. Brazil is known for its high-quality Arabica beans, as well as a significant production of Robusta beans.


Vietnam

(Global Market Share: 17%)

Vietnam is the second-largest coffee producer globally and the largest producer of Robusta coffee. The Central Highlands region, including the provinces of Dak Lak, Lam Dong, and Gia Lai, is known for its extensive coffee cultivation. Vietnam’s coffee industry has experienced significant growth in recent decades, fueled by favorable climate conditions and increased investment.


Columbia

(Global Market Share: 8%)

Colombia is renowned for its high-quality Arabica coffee, which is grown in the mountainous regions of the Andes. Colombian coffee is prized for its well-balanced flavors and distinct acidity. Coffee production is spread across various departments, with notable areas including Antioquia, Huila, and Tolima.


Indonesia

(Global Market Share: 7%)

Indonesia is known for its production of both Arabica and Robusta coffee. Regions such as Sumatra, Java, and Sulawesi (Celebes) are key coffee-growing areas. Indonesian coffees often possess unique characteristics, such as earthy and spicy notes, making them highly sought after in the specialty coffee market.


Ethiopia

(Global Market Share: 4%)

As the birthplace of coffee, Ethiopia holds a special place in the coffee world. It produces a wide range of coffee varieties, including the famous Arabica beans from regions like Sidamo, Yirgacheffe, and Harrar. Ethiopian coffees are celebrated for their diverse flavors, floral aromas, and distinctive profiles.


Honduras

(Global Market Share: 4%)

Honduras has emerged as a significant coffee producer in recent years. Its favorable climate, diverse microclimates, and volcanic soils contribute to the production of high-quality Arabica coffee. Coffee cultivation is concentrated in regions like Copán, Ocotepeque, and El Paraíso.


Peru

(Global Market Share: 3%)

Peru is renowned for its organic and specialty coffees. It produces both Arabica and Robusta beans, with Arabica cultivation concentrated in regions such as Cajamarca, Cusco, and Puno. Peru’s coffee industry emphasizes sustainability and fair trade practices.


Other notable coffee-producing countries include Mexico (2%), Guatemala (2%), Costa Rica (1%), India (<1%), Uganda (<1%), Kenya (<1%), and other countries (17%). Each of these countries contribute to the rich tapestry of coffee flavors and profiles that coffee lovers around the world have come to appreciate.

Sources: International Coffee Organization (ICO),
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA),